Tuesday, January 12, 2016

Engaging Learners - EDUC 8842 Module 4

How do online educators maximize the educational experience occurring at the intersection of the social presence, the cognitive presence, and their teaching presence?  How do online educators engage and engross students in course material?  How do educators do what educators do?
There are multiple metaphors for educators.  Simpson, Jackson, and Aycock (2005) claim Dewey used several metaphors, among them, wise mother, navigator, gardener, pioneer, servant, social engineer, composer, physician, builder, and leader.  In addition, there are references by others to teachers as chefs, conductors, concierges, and artists.
Curtis Bonk has written about the online teacher as power concierge when he reflects, “hotels have got it right--they have someone helping their guest find what they need online when the person needs it.”
In addition, Clarken (1997) described teachers as prophets, physicians, oysters, and parents while Çoklar and Bağcı (2011) conducted research on the different metaphors educators use to describe their roles in education. 
"We derive our competence from forming connections” writes George Siemens's.  Teachers make connections for learners, and as John Dewey wrote, "learning is something that the pupil has to do himself...the teacher is a guide and director; he steers the boat but the energy that propels it must come from those who are learning" (Dewey, 1925-1953, Volume 8 page 140).
The metaphors for educators imply connection-making activities.  Concierges show possibilities, master artists introduce different points of view, composers bring notes together, and so forth.  Durrington, Berryhill, and Swafford (2006) said providing opportunities for interactions between students and the instructor builds positive attitudes and raised achievement. 
Meaning-making and forming connections between specialized communities are important activities.  Excellent educators connect students with students, students with instructor(s), and students with content.  They use the tools pictured in the mindmap to make these connections.  When the tools are used to connect students in these areas, a community of inquiry is formed.
John Dewey wrote, "learning is something that the pupil has to do himself...the teacher is a guide and director; he steers the boat but the energy that propels it must come from those who are learning" (Dewey, 1925-1953, Volume 8 page 140)

Bonk, C. (2007, October 5). USA Today Leads to Tomorrow: Teachers as online concierges and can Facebook pioneer save face? [Web log comment]. Retrieved from http://travelinedman.blogspot.com/2007/10/usa-today-leads-to-tomorrow-teachers-as.html
Clarken, R. H. (1997). Five Metaphors for Educators.
Çoklar, A., & Bağcı, H. (2011). What are the roles of prospective teachers on the educational technology use: a metaphor study. World Journal on Educational Technology, 2(3), 186-195.
Durrington, V. A., Berryhill, A., & Swafford, J. (2006). Strategies for enhancing student interactivity in an online environment. College Teaching, 54(1), 190-193.
Simpson, D. J., Jackson, M. J. B., & Aycock, J. C. (2005). John Dewey and the art of teaching: Toward reflective and imaginative practice. Thousand Oaks, Calif: Sage Publications

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 This is a reposting of something I wrote during my doctoral journey at Walden....


sue beer said...

Lisa- what an incredible visual map you made and how interesting it is to see the connections between the 3C's. I agree with you that Dewey was ahead of his times and describing the importance of what great leaders can do for the learner-providing an avenue in which the student is responsible for their own learning but with guidance. Dewey “believed that students thrive in an environment where they are allowed to experience and interact with the curriculum, and all students should have the opportunity to take part in their own learning”. He also concurs that content must be presented in which down time or inactivity is not an option.
Wonderful post- I found it very informative! sue beer
John Dewey. (2012, January 17). In Wikipedia, The Free Encyclopedia. Retrieved 12:09, January 24, 2012, from http://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=John_Dewey&oldid=471951813

lauramae said...

I like how you connected the 3Cs. I realized when I was creating my own graphic organizer how many of the tools fit in more than one, if not all, of the different categories. With all of the various metaphors for teaching, what is the one that resonates the most with you?

Durff said...

Lauramae, I would have to say orchestra conductor resonates with me the most.

Shannon said...

I enjoyed reading your post. You have created an awesome graphic organizer of technology tools to engaged learners in their edication. I totally agree with Dewey's when he stated that "learning is something that pupils have to do themselves. Teachers must guide the learning to engage their students, and they must also facilitate to ensure that all learners are successful in their learning environment. Great job, Durff. Shannon~

Olu's Blog Page said...

Hello Durff,

You have acknowledged several online tools on your graphic organizer that demonstartes online communication, collaboration and content learning. All of the tool sthat you mentioned are why online learning can be very successful.It's importnat for students to get a meaningful learning experience why going through distant learning. Because of these online learning tools, online learning may become dominant over the traditional style of learning in the near future.