Tuesday, January 12, 2016
There are multiple metaphors for educators. Simpson, Jackson, and Aycock (2005) claim Dewey used several metaphors, among them, wise mother, navigator, gardener, pioneer, servant, social engineer, composer, physician, builder, and leader. In addition, there are references by others to teachers as chefs, conductors, concierges, and artists.
Curtis Bonk has written about the online teacher as power concierge when he reflects, “hotels have got it right--they have someone helping their guest find what they need online when the person needs it.”
In addition, Clarken (1997) described teachers as prophets, physicians, oysters, and parents while Çoklar and Bağcı (2011) conducted research on the different metaphors educators use to describe their roles in education.
"We derive our competence from forming connections” writes George Siemens's. Teachers make connections for learners, and as John Dewey wrote, "learning is something that the pupil has to do himself...the teacher is a guide and director; he steers the boat but the energy that propels it must come from those who are learning" (Dewey, 1925-1953, Volume 8 page 140).
The metaphors for educators imply connection-making activities. Concierges show possibilities, master artists introduce different points of view, composers bring notes together, and so forth. Durrington, Berryhill, and Swafford (2006) said providing opportunities for interactions between students and the instructor builds positive attitudes and raised achievement.
Meaning-making and forming connections between specialized communities are important activities. Excellent educators connect students with students, students with instructor(s), and students with content. They use the tools pictured in the mindmap to make these connections. When the tools are used to connect students in these areas, a community of inquiry is formed.
John Dewey wrote, "learning is something that the pupil has to do himself...the teacher is a guide and director; he steers the boat but the energy that propels it must come from those who are learning" (Dewey, 1925-1953, Volume 8 page 140)
Bonk, C. (2007, October 5). USA Today Leads to Tomorrow: Teachers as online concierges and can Facebook pioneer save face? [Web log comment]. Retrieved from http://travelinedman.blogspot.com/2007/10/usa-today-leads-to-tomorrow-teachers-as.html
Clarken, R. H. (1997). Five Metaphors for Educators.
Çoklar, A., & Bağcı, H. (2011). What are the roles of prospective teachers on the educational technology use: a metaphor study. World Journal on Educational Technology, 2(3), 186-195.
Durrington, V. A., Berryhill, A., & Swafford, J. (2006). Strategies for enhancing student interactivity in an online environment. College Teaching, 54(1), 190-193.
Simpson, D. J., Jackson, M. J. B., & Aycock, J. C. (2005). John Dewey and the art of teaching: Toward reflective and imaginative practice. Thousand Oaks, Calif: Sage Publications
Posted by Lisa Durff at 3:00 AM